Handling Keyboard Input

Detecting Multiple Modifier Keys

How can I detect if multiple modifier keys are pressed simultaneously?

Abstract art representing computer programming

To detect if multiple modifier keys are pressed simultaneously in SDL, you'll need to use bitwise operations. SDL uses a bitfield to represent the state of the modifier keys, allowing you to check for specific combinations efficiently.

Bitwise Operators and Modifier Keys

Each modifier key in SDL has a corresponding bitmask. For example, the left shift key is represented by KMOD_LSHIFT, the right shift key by KMOD_RSHIFT, the left control key by KMOD_LCTRL, and so on.

These bitmasks can be combined using bitwise operators to check for multiple modifiers.

Here's an example demonstrating how to detect if both the left shift and left control keys are pressed at the same time:

#include <SDL.h>
#include <iostream>

void HandleKeyboard(SDL_KeyboardEvent& E) {
  if (E.state == SDL_PRESSED) {
    if ((E.keysym.mod & KMOD_LSHIFT) &&
        (E.keysym.mod & KMOD_LCTRL)) {
      std::cout << "Left Shift and Ctrl pressed\n";
    }
  }
}

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
  SDL_Init(SDL_INIT_VIDEO);
  SDL_Window* window = SDL_CreateWindow(
    "Modifier Keys", 100, 100, 800, 600, 0);

  SDL_Event Event;
  while (true) {
    while (SDL_PollEvent(&Event)) {
      if (Event.type == SDL_KEYDOWN ||
          Event.type == SDL_KEYUP) {
        HandleKeyboard(Event.key);
      }
    }
  }

  SDL_DestroyWindow(window);
  SDL_Quit();
}
Left Shift and Ctrl pressed

Combining Multiple Modifiers

You can also check for any combination of modifier keys by using the bitwise OR operator (|). For instance, if you want to detect if either the left shift or the left control key is pressed, you can do so like this:

void HandleKeyboard(SDL_KeyboardEvent& E) {
  if (E.state == SDL_PRESSED) {
    if (E.keysym.mod & (KMOD_LSHIFT | KMOD_LCTRL)) {
      std::cout << "Left Shift or Ctrl pressed\n";
    }
  }
}
Left Shift or Ctrl pressed

Summary

Using bitwise operations with SDL's modifier key bitmasks allows you to detect complex combinations of key presses.

This can be particularly useful in applications where multiple key combinations trigger different actions, such as in video games or advanced text editors.

By combining bitmasks and bitwise operators, you can create highly responsive and interactive applications that respond accurately to user input.

This Question is from the Lesson:

Handling Keyboard Input

Learn how to detect and respond to keyboard input events in your SDL-based applications. This lesson covers key events, key codes, and modifier keys.

Answers to questions are automatically generated and may not have been reviewed.

This Question is from the Lesson:

Handling Keyboard Input

Learn how to detect and respond to keyboard input events in your SDL-based applications. This lesson covers key events, key codes, and modifier keys.

sdl2-promo.jpg
Part of the course:

Game Dev with SDL2

Learn C++ and SDL development by creating hands on, practical projects inspired by classic retro games

Free, unlimited access

This course includes:

  • 36 Lessons
  • 100+ Code Samples
  • 91% Positive Reviews
  • Regularly Updated
  • Help and FAQ
Free, Unlimited Access

Professional C++

Comprehensive course covering advanced concepts, and how to use them on large-scale projects.

Screenshot from Warhammer: Total War
Screenshot from Tomb Raider
Screenshot from Jedi: Fallen Order
Contact|Privacy Policy|Terms of Use
Copyright © 2024 - All Rights Reserved