Counting elements in a multi-dimensional container requires iterating through each dimension. Here's how you can do it with `std::ranges::count_if()`

for a 2DÂ vector:

```
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
int main() {
std::vector<std::vector<int>> Numbers{
{1, 2, 3},
{4, 4, 5},
{6, 7, 8}
};
auto isFour{[](int x) { return x == 4; }};
int count = 0;
for (const auto& row : Numbers) {
count += std::ranges::count_if(row, isFour);
}
std::cout << "Count of fours: " << count;
}
```

`Count of fours: 2`

In thisÂ example:

- We have a 2D vector
`Numbers`

containing integers. - The lambda function
`isFour()`

checks if a given number is 4. - We use a loop to iterate through each row of the 2D vector and apply
`std::ranges::count_if()`

to count the number of 4s in each row. - The counts from each row are accumulated in the
`count`

variable.

This approach can be extended to higher-dimensional containers by adding more nested loops. For instance, for a 3D vector, you would need an additional loop to iterate through each 2DÂ sub-vector.

By using `std::ranges::count_if()`

within the appropriate nested loops, you can count elements in multi-dimensional containers efficiently, taking advantage of the power and flexibility of C++20Â ranges.

Answers to questions are automatically generated and may not have been reviewed.

This Question is from the Lesson:### Counting Algorithms

An introduction to the 5 main counting algorithms in the C++ standard library: `count()`

, `count_if()`

, `any_of()`

, `none_of()`

, and `all_of()`